Why we should study ?

My blog topic: Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college?

Last month, 2018’s Suneung (korea’s college entrance exam) ended. This exam day is one of the most important moments in a young person’s life. Students spend 3years


preparing for these exams, and then it’s all over in one day. Even the flights don’t take off on this day during English listening test, and the work hours are changed so there’s no traffic on the road when students go to school, it feels like the entire country is changing its schedule for this exam. Therefore, there’s a huge amount of pressure.. as the results can determine which university a student will attend, and potentially what job and future they’ll have. So my answer for this topic is Yes... There is obviously pressure on teenagers to go to college, especially here in South Korea. There are two reasons for that.
The first reason is related to South Korea’s structual problems.


According to the OECD statistics, and according to any statics… our country’s unemployment rate has climbed to its highest level since 2010. So there’s very few opportunity to get a good job in korea so the competition for such jobs will be strong. And naturally, the employers will want to select who have the best qualification to do that jobs .. Most employers won’t even look at the resume who graduated not a good University. That’s just the true and cold reality. That’s why teenagers compete every day to go to S.K.Y Universities.. The korean people ‘s recognition about attending University is very firm.. to be honest, many people in korea think the people who don’t graduate good University as losers. That’s why korea’s education fever is very high. Our country’s parents still push children to go to the best college possible. Most of korean parents are obessed with private education to make their child to survive in that competition. In 2017, private education spending hits record high according to the survey. To be honest, I don’t think is bad. I think high education fever is good, but the direction is wrong. Korea’s education system give a lot of pressure on teenagers. The cramming education system have made students very passive and make them to not know why they should study. The biggest problem of our country’s education system is that it makes students to focus on succeding than on learning. so students can’t enjoy studying..but they should keep study as the society requires that.. with no reasons ….so they naturally get a lot of stress.

The Second reason is the students’ individuals’ stress from high school lives.

I still remember the extreme stress and pressure I got as a student in high school. First of all, the competiton among students for getting good grade is much more extreme and excessive than in college….can’t comparable to college.. especially on third grade..our lives turn upside down .. If you have time , please visit any high schools in Korea…students don’t care about appearance so they don’t makeup and sleep like corpses during break time… Also, you can easily find “Stop watches” on the students’ desks. Almost every students in high school bring


stopwatches in class to timed the study hours… to study more than other students… to fill more hours than the previous day… And many students changed their phone from smartphone to Feature phone. Holiday is not holiday.. students think holiday as the most important opportunity to study more than other students in private library. At the beginning of the third grade of high school, many class teachers write on the blackboard “D-365.” and started counting down the days… and every day.. literally everyday.. they give a lot of pressure to us to motivate us… especially during the Suneung application period..and sometimes, when Suneung exam coming, as all students in classroom become very sensitive, the relationship with their classmates and with their class teacher can be worse.. this also can give another stress to teenagers…My highschool’s classroom motto was “At this moment, your enemies books keep flipping.” So we can’t deny that there’s stress for teenagers to go to college.. there is ..pressure ….
However, despite that pressure and the negative side of our education system, I think going to the good college is still most important thing than anything for teenagers. If we know the fundamental reason why we’re studying and why we should go to the good University, then I think we can find the good thing of this process and endure this time. One of the reasons why most of us get stressed from studying is because we don’t know exactly why we’re studying. Some people may say that they’re studying to get a good job, some people may say they’re studying to raise money…. it depends on individual’s life’s values…But in my opinion, in the end… I think we are all studying to be happy. Our ultimate lives’ purpose is happiness.. we’re not studying for others…and as I said on my second blog, we were not born to spend our whole lives to


struggle to be well-packed products of capitalism. We were all born to live happy and meaningful lives… Then when do we feel happiness? This is also can depends on individuals’ personalities and values …but I think most of us feel happiness when we like ourselves.. when we love our lives…. If we understand this, then this process is not a pain anymore…. it’s just the process to be happy. Because, by studying hard we sometimes can discover and change what kind of people we are and how hard we can try to reach our goal… I mean, we can discover our limits and can develop our self-confidence in this process.. I can’t think of no better way to know our limit than studying…. because everybody don’t want to study . even people who like study don’t like every subjects. So when we study, especially in highschool, ‘we’ decide how high we set our goals and ‘we’ decide how hard we are going work for that goals….’we’ decide how we will respond when something doesn’t go our ways. Because studying is a battle against myself. especially in highschool..!! because as you know, highschool’s studying is even more harder than college’s studying. So I think studying is not just about obtaining knowledge but also about building our self-esteem. For example, if you don’t study at all, give up when you have to solve very difficult mathematical problems , so get bad grade in school and be absent on class everyday, and go to the university that you can never be satisfied with, then no matter what situations you face in your future, you can’t endure and handdle that because you don’t have experience trying hard in something that you don’t like…You don’t have experiences that have made


you to like yourself and to believe in yourself.. you just have experiences that made you to disappointed to yourself….so no matter what obstacles you face in future, you will respond to crisis with the same attitude as before. On the other hand, if you study hard as a student, even if it’s not your favorite subject if you try to stay up late at night to study that in a small private library , try to be a good student on every classes, and do your absolute very best on every single assignments at nights and every single tests , and finally get good grade on Suneung and go to the University that you can be satisfied with, that pride and thrill will be very strong… and that positive self-esteem will form the foundation of your confidence. so, no matter what situations you face in future, you can overcome that time with hope and confidence and think “I can do this!” because you already have many experiences that have made you to have believe in yourself.. We all like ourselves when we live our lives diligently and when we achieved something that not everyone achieve.

Most of us think that we can be super happy if we don’t study at all and if we can play and sleep everyday…. But I want to ask to them this : Really..? Do you really think that you can just feel happiness if you can play and sleep all day long?


No, we don’t…that kind of happiness is short and temporary… As Benjamin Franklin said, “Sloth, like rust, consumes faster than labor wears” Laziness makes human’s body and mind more exhausted than working hard. I felt this every vacation and every Chusuk……….can’t breathe…. meeting friends and playing with them and having leisurely good times with family are very good. but ironically,.even if there is no pressure that makes us to work hard, we would not want to let us live lazy lives. we love ourselves when we live our lives diligently and spend our time productively……So, to any teenagers who feel so stressful in studying and think they will be very happy if they don’t study at all, I want to talk to them Stop studying… try to play everyday, I promise you, it will never ensure you endless happiness….you will realize that the stress that you get by not studying at all is even harder to endure than the stress that you get by studying hard..Because sometimes…many times happiness comes from the joy of achievement and the thrill of effort.

Second, most of us feel happiness when we can give good influence to our society. But if we study hard , get good grade in school and go to the good University, then we can get more opportunities and more power to give good influence to others. Because what we learn from college can form our life’s values…. By getting the best education possible, we can think critically, we can express our opinions clearly, we can have unique perspectives and unique voices to add to our national conversation.. so we can be positive forces to our community. So, to to do great thing, we first need to be smart… not for showing off but actually learning many things….. we need to first empower ourselves with a good education then get out there and use that education to build a world worthy of our values… By studying we find our interests and can discover where our voices work best. Then, we can be happy in future by making the world better place than before in our reflective fields…

In conclusion, I agree that there is extreme pressure and stress on teenagers to go to college and our country’s education system worsen that problem. But if we carefully think the fundamental reason why we’re studying, if we realize that we’re studying to be happy.. if we understand that we’re all studying not to be faithful slaves of capitalism but to achieve meaningful success, then I think we can endure this time positively.

Some people may say that going to the good college is not everything in life. and that that’s not necessary leads us to success… I agree with it to a certain extent, and I understand very well that happiness is not proportional to school test scores… But what I want to say is not that University itself defines everything in life. What I really want to say is that how well we manage this experience in twenties can truly affect to our self-

I can’t do it → I can do it!

respect, confidence and self-love that we should keep hold in our future lives. Through education we don’t just develop the ability to learn and skills but we also develop our confidence and attitude toward our lives… we develop skills like grit , determination, optimism and resilience in this process. There will be a huge difference between students who’ve endured and overcame the extreme stress in this process (in high school), and do his or her best and don’t give up and eventually get good results and a person who had always run away under high stress and have given up in the face of challenges. they will live totally different lives in future…because their mindset and attitudes toward life will be very different. So this time is really important for everyone as a part of growing up. and I think that’s why we need to go to not to the ‘best’ University , but at least to the University that we can ‘satisfied with’… we have to study without regrets.. and University doesn’t define everything in life, but it defines many things in life..especially here in South Korea….. we can’t deny that. I think teenagers should get the best education possible. They have to go to the University that they can satisfied with… a University that reflects their values and faith.. and they have to learn what they really want to learn. By doing so, they can have the most powerful weapons to change the world in their own ways. Therefore, I will also keep do everything I can to spend my twenties to go to the good University that I can be satisfied with.

Minimum of 2-links to other blogs on this subject.

  1. https://jordyscircle.com/2018/09/13/the-importance-of-education/
  2. https://sahibsingh101159185.wordpress.com/2018/10/20/importance-of-education-in-todays-world/

YouTube or Ted Talk to link and support my argument.

  1. https://youtu.be/AY6h804boFs
  2. https://youtu.be/A6tBNMSnGSM

Blog 8: My opinion about Jimin’s atomic bomb T-shirt.


Jimin wore a T-shirt celebrating the called Korean National Liberation Day from Japan, a T-shirt which supported the American atomic nuclear agains Japan during 2nd World War, with words that in theory were pro-Korean freedom, such as ‘liberation’ and ‘


patriotism’. The T-shirt with the words “patriotism our history liberation Korea” printed a few dozen times across the back. The T-shirt commemorated National Liberation Day (August 15th, liberation from Japan’s colonial rule) so it has the point of the mushroom cloud from the atomic bomb and Korean people cheering with their hands up for Liberation Day..This photo was taken last year on August 15, National Liberation Day of Korea. Well… first of all, I think it was a bad move. His stylist problably picked it out but somebody should have stopped and took a look at the shirt and questioned if it was a good idea. He was a little bit careless.. If he really wanted to celebrating liberation day… why the bombing? Nuclear bomb doesn’t necessary and directly means the liberation day of Korea from Japan. This kind of issue is very sensitive issue between Korea and Japan… And Jimin also learned this in history class when he was young… if he knew the meaning of that… he shouldn’t have wore that T-shirt.. regardless of his intention, I think he should had be more careful with his behavior….because he is not just an individual… his behavior affect to his fans and many young people. I personally don’t like Japan.. but that was undoubtedly a sensitive issue for the Japanese… I read


one comment from our country’s people “Bashing the Japanese= the right thing to do.” There are some Korean online commenters who are supportive and feel great satisfaction of Jimin’s shirt…. I understand very well the feeling that Korean hate Japan….but if we think about in terms of right and wrong.. it’s wrong….Because the atomic bomb that was dropped by the U.S military on Hiroshima resulted in at least 70000 civillian deaths, with some estimates of the loss of non-combatant life at more than 120000…. hundreds of thousands of innocent people died after that two atomic bombs… It was clearly controversial..But one thing that I couldn’t understand about Japan is that the Japanese TV channel Asahi canceled Asahi’s performance on Friday night… the day before the performance….can’t understand that…


But instead, if I were the stylist of Jimin and if I really wanted to celebrate our liberation day by not causing controversy , I would make Jimin ‘s T-shirt like this… (Look at the picture on the left) Let me share you a long story to tell you why… Have you ever heard about Ahn Jeung geun? I respect him…. I looove him…. If I have to choose one most respectable person in our country’s history textbook, I’ll definitely say Ahn jung geun….!!!he was a Korean-independence activist who sacrificed his whole life for our country’s liberation during the Japanese colonial Rule…. who killed Hirobumi Ito (prime minister of Japan)…even though the Nagashaki atomic bomb eventually caused our country’s independence, without Ahn jeung geun…. our country’s liberation was almost impossible..


He cut off the tip of his ring finger with other eleven independence activists as they swore to work to restore our country’s sovereignty…. In blood, they wrote “Korean Independence!!” on the national flag, pledging that they would devote themselves to our country’s independence. So I think their fingers show the very sacrifice for our independence and the love for our country. After he assassinated Ito Hirobumi, he was arrested by Russian guards who held him for two days before turning him over to Japanese colonial authorities. But even in the


court and when he was imprisoned , Ahn didn’t lose his dignity…. he insisted that he be treated as a prisoner of war, as a lieutenant general of the Korean resistance army, instead of a criminal.. and he bravely listed 15 reasons why Ito Hirobumi should be killed…and he said that killing Ito Hirobumi was just a righteous war for the peace of East Asia.


As you can expect, he was sentenced to the death penalty in the court… but he said “The verdict already know.. Is there no more severe punishment?” 😳When he was in prison, his mother Maria Jo who felt so proud of his son… sent him a letter..



“Dear my proud Son.

If you think that you are undutiful son, because dying first before your mother. That thinking just will bring me into derision.

Your death is the greatest responsibility for not only just you but it also carries all of Chosun’s righteous indignation.

If you are to lodge an appeal, that means just begging your life to the Japanese Government.


You decided to die for your country, don`t be double-mindedness…do bravely lay down your life..

You did right conduct for country, and then you were punished honorable. Dying honorably instead of begging your life like a coward is an act of filial duty.

Maybe, I think that this is my last letter to you in this world. I had tearily made your shroud, and send to you with this letter. Keep this one with you when you go to the execution ground.

I don`t want to meet you again in this world, I assure that we can meet again in the peaceful kingdom heaven later. At that time, Korea also will have become independence from Japan.”

After read this letter, Ahn jung geun decided not to lodge an appeal, and decided to die. and he cared about his country’s future within an inch of his life.. so just before he died he wrote a book “동양평화론” in prison to hand down the reasons why he had to fight against Japan to his offspring…

ddfdf5 minutes before Ahn died.

“After I died, please be buried me near the Harbin park. And then, when Korea will have become the independence country, please move me to my homeland. Also, I will continuously pray for the independence of Korean in the heaven.

I am going to be glad and cry “Hurruh”, when the sound of independence reaches in the heaven.”

That’s why I think the second picture (the picture that people are cheering hurray on Independence day) in Jimin’s shirt will be more suited with Ahn’s finger picture than with atomic bomb…..Because in my opinion, it contains more quiet strength and dignity than atomic bombing…it shows our ancestor’s devotion to our country. Independence day it’s more meaningful for us if we remember the sacrifices of people who fought for our country’s independence…


I think Jimin’s atom bomb T-shirt was imprudent because it didn’t consider the civilian’s deaths but this T-shirt is different. if BTS members wear this T-shirt, some Japanese can feel bad but Ahn didn’t kill the civillians… he killed the people who have the great responsibility of japan’s oppressive colonial rule. so they can feel bad but they can’t deny that he is our hero of our independence . And BTS are also Koreans… They have right to be exacrly who they are… If this T-shirt can really be made…I’ll buy it right now and will proudly wear that T-shirt while walking around the Japan street…without any compunction..😜😝


<Midterm Exam Blog>

My blog topic: Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty?

A few days ago, I heard the news that one citizen petitioned on the Blue house for the viral ‘Gangseo PC room murder’ case.

“Dear Mr. president, we can’t stand anymore. When will this country stop reducing charges against criminals who commit murder to innocent people? There must be heavier punishment… please.. we should restore the death penalty to punish them.”


More than 1 million citizens signed the government petition for that. This is the highest amount of signatures of a goverment petition has ever received. As you know, South korea retains capital punishment as part of state-sanctioned practices for purnishing serious crimes. But it has not actually carried out a death sentence on prisoners on death row since 1997. But as heinous crimes continue occur, people get tired and want government to reconsider this law. As a citizen, I also felt strong anger and deep sadness by the news, especially because the victim was so young… However, nevertheless, I still can’t approve death penalty. I want to talk my opinion based on what I learned in my highschool sociology and ethic classes.

dddThomas Hobbes

To access this issue, I had to think about these two fundamental questions first. Why do nations exist, and what is a really good nation? According to what we learned in sociology class in high school about Thomas Hobbes’s Social Contract Theory,


humans chose to live as social beings to avoid loneliness and anxiety though they could’ve lived in nature as individuals. Hence we cede some of our freedom and rights to this community called nation, which in return secures our life and safety. That is why nations exist. So I totally agree that nation must exist to protect their citizens’ lives. Then, what is a good nation? we have to think about it carefully.. Because I think this theory also speaks that a nation don’t have right to take off their citizens’ lives unless it is a very good way , I mean unless it is the ‘best way’ to protect citizens. And I oppose the death penalty because I do not think death penalty is the best way to protect citizens. There are three reasons why I think so.
The first reason is because I don’t think death penalty is really effective way to prevent crimes. According to death penalty information center statistics, in United States of America, the murder rate in non-death penalty states has remained consistently lower than the rate in states with the death penalty, and the gap has grown since 1990. Canada abolished death penalty in 1975 , since then that country’s homicide rate dropped to 44%.


UN also concluded two times in the past (1988, 2002) that death penalty doesn’t reduce crime.Almost every countries are now abolishing death penalty. Only 23 countries are now retain capital punishment and 103 countries have completely abolished it for all crimes. Because there is no sufficient evidences yet to prove that killing murders stops other people committing similar crimes. So,I think serving life improsonment should replace with death penalty.

The second reason is the most important reason why I can’t approve death penalty. Because in fact , I used to approve death penalty very strongly but I changed my opinion long times ago for this reason. I think death penalty just puts all the blames on the criminals rather than the society and environment that produce that criminals to commit murder. Have you ever heard of ‘Labeling theory’? It is a criminal psychology term but if you’re korean, you have to learn this in highschool. It is theory of how self-identity and


behaviors of individuals may be determined or influenced by the sociocultural’s evaluation and alienation. This theory shows that people behave in ways that reflect how others label them. Labeling and treating someone as a negative person can actually foster deviant


behavior. In other words, labeling someone as negative person can cause others to treat them more negatively and the response to being treated more negatively by the society, can make that person to act more negatively. One example for this is Shin chang won’s story. Shin chang won is a criminal in Korea who escaped from prisoned in 1997 and evaded police officers for more than 2years. He was captured in 1999. But I still can’t forget what he said when he was arrested. He said “I heard that police officers even mobilized army just to arrest me, but I will let you know how to prevent borning a person like


me, if just one teacher or one person in my life told be ‘you’re a pretty good person’ by stroking my hair, I wouldn’t be who I am today. my middle school teacher insulted me , threw my text book and saidIf you don’t have money to pay for your tuiton fee, why are you here??!!!Get out of my face!! since then, an evil has started to grow in my heart.” This story shows that sometimes (not always) it is our society that creates criminals and monsters. I discovered this true long times ago. Their lives’ background proved that. I think almost every criminals were just not lucky to meet good teachers , parents or friends when they were young who could teach them what is right and wrong in life… because we all live our lives and respond to crisis the way we’ve learned and saw from our parents’ and teachers’ lives….I personally met very great and respectable teachers when I was in middle school and high school. I have never met such kind of teachers who threw me book and insult me just because I am poor. Most of us have met good teachers who always try to encourage and try to teach right things to their students. and what I learned from them still guide me everyday where I need to go when I meet challenge in lives.. So as I grew up, I realized that, in fact, we all had the potential to be criminals if we couldn’t meet good teachers, parents, friends who taught us right values in life. We have to know that sometimes the words that we say and behaviors to others can hurt someone’s souls and totally change their lives. I’m not trying to protect criminals , and I do not think criminals have humanrights. I’m just saying that if we really really want to prevent crimes and prevent criminals, then we need to try to understand more about the fundamental reasons why those criminals are continue to born and created than just focusing on whether we should retain capital punishment or not . Because death penalty can’t be a solution to this problem, it just make the angry public to ‘feel better’ for a while.
Finally, I oppose the death penalty because of the possibility of miscarriage of justice and the possibility of misuse and abuse of political power. In our country we already have a history of that. President Kim dae jung was sentenced to death because of Park Jung hee’s regime. He was fortuately rescued by the America, but if we had actually died……….. our country’s democracy couldn’t developed. ‘People’s Revolutionary Party incident’ is the most famous example of miscarriage of justice in our country. In 1965, our government accused 8 innocent people who were against the Yushin regime.


The Supreme Court sentenced eight of the acuused to death, and the sentence were carried out 18hours later!! Can you believe it? It was the worst judicial murder ever. 32 years later in 2007, the district Court of Central Seoul found the defendants not guilty. But it was too late , no one apologized and no one took responsibility for their lives. This incident showed that government can use their judicial power as the tool to kill rebel forces. And I’m sure… I’m absolutely sure that if we revive the death penalty, same thing can happen anytime in this country because…………………….. politics is a reality.

I know that people who support the death penalty may say “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.” They always use ‘a principle of parity’ to support their opinion. But as I said at the start of this blog, the root reason why nation exist is to protect all of their citizens, not to revenge for someone or instead of someone . it means they don’t have right to take off their citizens’ lives unless it is a very good and effective way to protect the rest of the citizens. But I think they can at least have right to conduct life improsonment because it helps to keep the rest of the citizens safe. My point is, if we want to live in a really good and safe nation, we need to focus on stopping crimes, not lives.

Two blogs’ links on this subject.

1. https://wp.me/p2rqui-8LX

2. https://quierosaber.wordpress.com/2018/08/03/world-free-of-death-penalty/

Youtube or Ted Talk to link and support my argument.

1. https://youtu.be/QHSvZZ1pnm0

2. https://youtu.be/FAoLFv7c1V4

Blog 5. Cutural difference in Korea

I watched three videos on youtube for my blog assignment. The first video was to be honest, was just about the speaker’s experience in China. . The first video was good but I didn’t feel so special things about culture from the first video. The woman speaker start her speech by praising chinese and end her speech by urging us to go China and to experience like her. The first video just want to say that ‘experience’ matters in understanding other countries’ cultures. The second video , however, was more interesting than I expected and helpful for me to really think about the culture communication and to learn how to handdle the cultural differences as a global citizen. The second video was really good. The speaker has lived in several countries in his life time. He defined culture as ‘ a system of behaviour that made us act in an accepted or familiar way.’ I had to come up with at least one example of that in Korea, to write this blog interesting. I tried to think about an unique culture example in our country that can fit that. The speaker of the second video talked about ‘communication style’ that can be formed by a country’s system . But my example focus on different kind of culture that can be formed by the ‘system’ of our country. I’m not sure whether I could call this as ‘cultural difference.’ but I will introduce this because I think that’s probably Korean’s unique feature. The example that I want to introduce is that we koreans are reluctant to ask question in public. I think other countries are not severe than us. When I lived in France 12 years ago,people really liked asking question in public . But I think koreans especially don’t like to ask questions for some reasons.and I’ve heard from middle school, high school foreign teachers several times that they can’t understand that. Look at the video below. This video is the parts of EBS documentary which was made 8years ago to criticize our country’s education culture and system. I can’t show you the full documentary because it’s too long. The title of this video is “Why koreans don’t ask question?-Then why we go to college?” I remember my middle school teacher showed us this video in class.

In this video, the former president of United states of America Barack Obama was trying to give the opportunity to Korean reporters to ask any questions for him. As we all know, it was not so common opportunity, that the leader of the most powerful nation give opportunity to ask any questions for one nation. But as you can see.. no one ask questions to him.. no one ….. if you watch the full video….actually ….for more than 20 seconds …. korean reporters don’t ask question…. there was just long silences …….so eventually one chinese reporter asked question instead of us. It’s very funny that even the reporters don’t ask question. After I watched this video I read the comments on this video to see the foreigers’ reactions on that.





Many people in comments blame chinese reporter, but many of them also questioned about our country’s reporters’ behavior. To be honest, for us as koreans, such scene is very familiar. As the speaker of the second video said, in Korea this is very natural and normal to do so , and I think it’s not exaggeration to say that our country’s education system made us to act like that.

As I said, this EBS documentary video was actually made to point out the problem of our country’s education culture and system.We didn’t interact much with teachers like other countries do in their school. The cramming education made us very passive and not to think any kind of creative thinking and not wondering any questions. And as you know, koreans pretty mind the others and care too much of how other people would think about them if they ask questions. But, anyway this video was taken 8 years ago. And I think we’re still having problem but at least we’re getting better than before as many teachers like my middle school teacher realize that problem and try to fix that and as many foreign instructors have come to our country and put efforts to do different kinds of interactive class in schools. It will not be easy to fix at once…. any change takes time.

The third video was about the 10 surprisng ways to offend people in other countries. One surprising thing for mrme personally was Japan.. When someone in Japan gives me their business card, handled with care….this is very unusual culture….Making a compliment in Arab and African nations can make your host feel awakwardly obliged to give you the item… can’t believe it.. I don’t believe that will be all true… The third video shows that how same behaviors and signs can be interpreted totally differently by the countries’ values and culture..

After I watched my video and the three videos on lms, I think they just speak one thing. They all want to say that we need to consider the country’s system and social context to truly understand one country’s culture or one country’s people’s behaviors. And I think the best way to understand those cultural differences and respect other cultures is to really experience that. As the speaker of first video did , I think ‘experience’ lasts long than anything. Although many foreigners laughed at our country’s reporters in the comments,if they could experience our country’s education system , I think they can understand us. But I’m not saying that we should accept any kind of culture passively. The speaker of the first video said at the end of her speech that we need to have long-term view, to be patient , to be open and to be a good listener. I agree with that. but if we meet bad culture we don’t necessary need to passively accept that. we can contribute ourselves to try to fix that culture.

But first, I think we need to travel worldwide when we are young to better understand and to know about other countries to be prepare ourselves to be better global citizens.

Blog 4: Movie review

“Expecting democracy to bloom in this country is like expecting a rose to bloom in a trash can” About 67 years ago , a British journalist who witnessed the dictatorship and hopelessness in korea mentioned. Since then, this words has also mentioned by the Indian Ambassador and by some other foreign reporters.


I watched movie ‘1987: When the day comes’ with my high school friends this year in Lotte cinema. This movie set in 1987 and based on a true story. This movie tells the story about the June Democracy Movement in 1987 under the autocratic regimes of Chun Doo Hwan. The early 80’s was a time when Chun had seized the control of our country by military coup after the assassination of President Park Chung Hee. This movie shows the background of why June Struggle could happen and the sacrifices of so many young people against that regime. June struggle was started by Park Jung Chul ‘s torture death and it was spread by the death of Yi Han yeol, a student of Yonsei University.


The angry citizens came out on the streets and protested against government’s attempts to protect the Constitution. But Chun Doo Hwan ignored the protesters’ requirement and announced on April 13 to prolong his rule . But although the pressure on the regime, many student activists in universities and many other groups continued to build massive protests. Finally on June 29, they succeed to change the presidential election system to a direct election !! Article 1 (2) of the constitution of the republic of korea, “The sovereignty of the Republic of Korea shall reside in the people, and all state authority shall emanate from the people” this constitution was made far more before, but it could be instiutionalized by The


June Struggle through the election. And Chun had to leave office at the end of seven-year term. This movement achieved the democracy where dictatorship can no longer settle down. The constitution strenghened civil rights and the power of the president was reduced. A beautiful rose has started to bloom in a garbage can of despair.


Now, I want to talk about what I really thought about our country after I watched this movie. Before I watched this movie I thought history moves in cycle. Because we too often tend to take our democracy and basic rights for granted and don’t care about politics. As we all know Plato said ‘One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.’ and I think that’s exactly what we experienced a few years ago. We saw what could happen if we take our democracy for granted and don’t care about our politics. We had to spend the unprecedented long and harshly cold time in square in 2016-2017 fall and winter. As Plato said I think we paid dearly as citizens for our indifference toward politics. At that time, we had lost so many things that we had taken for granted. So I thought politics is hopeless and our history can’t develop. But if we think about it carefully, we really had hard times but we eventually overcame them together and picked ourselves up again. We’ve learned from experience. We took back our power again and impeached the president for the first time in history. We finally opened the new world and now we are looking at higher level of democracy than what we achieved from the June Struggle. I mean, although we take some steps back sometimes, we always learn from our mistakes and move far more forward than before the next time. So I have come to believe for sure after watched this movie that history progresses.This movie teach me that our country’s history does not develop quickly and sometimes it repeat itself. History doesn’t go in a straight line. But surely , our history has evolved slowly, over the long span of time. 67 years ago and 30 years ago, no one could imagine all the freedom and democracy that we have today.


So now I’m personally optimistic about the future of our country’s democracy because I believe that the experiences we shared with citizens in the square of 2016 and 2017 , that collective memory is still alive in people’s minds and it will last for a long time.

Blog 3. Ted Talk Review.


I chose and watched ‘ Freedom Rising (Inside the Egyptian revolution)’ Ted talk video for my third blog assignment. I watched this Ted talk more than three times.. because to be honest, I haven’t heard anything about Egyptian revolution before, so I couldn’t understand at once . I had to search on the Internet to understand this incident clearly, and I actually found and watched the Egyptian protest video which happened in 2011. I was shocked when I saw some cars crush people while controlling the protesters. It seems obvious that the police officers used excessive force to break up demonstrations. After I watched my Ted Talk and this video , I recalled the Candlelight vigil that occured in our country 2 years ago to demand the resignation of Park-Geun Hye. As I said, I don’t know much about Egyptian politics and I know there were many stark differences at the time between the Egypt’s and our country’s political situation.


Egyptians resisted against the dictorial government that had lasted for 30 years but we protested against democratically elected president. But as I learned more about this revolution, I thought the deployment process of events and the way Egyptians haddled their situation, had something in common with us. Every Friday, millions of people from different kinds of backgrounds gathered in Cairo’s Tahrir Square to demand the overthrow of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, just like we gathered in Gwanghwamun Plaza every Saturday. They united and shared information each other through Internet just like we did. More than 80,0000 citizens signed the online petition to make lawmakers vote for Park’s impeachment in the National assembly. In both two countries, the manipulation of public opinion through political power could be overcome by new digital democracy like SNS.


If I have to pick one most impressive part of this speech, I would choose the speaker’s last words . He said ‘the power of the people is much stronger than the people in power’. Looking back in history, the people don’t always win and not all democratic movements are successful. But if the people keep fighting, I believe that the people win in the end and that the rigime breakdown. Every regime is transient but the people are eternal.

…………..<The river Seine at La Grande-Jatte, 1888>

This painting is a work by French post-impressionist painter, Georges Seurat. We learned from high school art class that his pointillist painting reminds us of a world formed by countless small dots. As countless small dots come together to create a large painting, so many citizens who seem to be separate and independant came together in their square to form a wave of democracy. I heard that the painting created by placing miniscule dot after dot, a pointilist painting usually take much more time to complete than by painting with lines. We are impressed with the beauty of the scene because we know how hard it is to make so many people gather in one place. There were no instances of division in both squares , but rather a united, rational civic society. “Awakening citizens’ organized power is the last bastion of democracy” our former president Roh Moo Hyun said before. I realized this 2 years ago and I think Egyptian revolution also showed this to the world.

Blog 2: Free Blog – Problem of capitalism


I watched a lecture on the Internet two days ago. This lecture is a lecture for freshmen and the woman in the picture is one the most famous society lecturers on the Internet. The woman is talking about the problem of capitalistic system. Before she begin her lecture, she said .. “Congratulations on your entering college! but unfortunately… it will not be a utopia ahead of your life, instead there will be a hell . You are all the products of the age of capitalism. If you can’t increase your value as products in capitalistic society, you will be abandoned and eliminated from society like the stocks piled up in a factory.”



She says that most people today can’t live an leisurely, healthy life. We all struggle everyday for survival. For example, me and my friends all study very hard constantly. And many of us do part time job on weekend to raise money. My parents also have worked so hard for most of their life time to raise money for us. We studied hard in high school before we came to this University. But we still need to study hard to get A+ on every classes. And after we graduate, we need to compete far more harder to get a job. We are living in the era of limitless competition. So sometimes we can’t afford to feel happiness and live comfortable lives. I sometimes wonder whether I’m studying to live or I’m living to study. The teacher in this video studied even harder than me when she was young. So she went to the best University (Seoul national university) in our country. She is a very well-packed product that capitalism requiring. But she said she is still living busy lives and can’t enjoy her life. She said she still can’t sleep more than 3 hours everyday. She point out this problem. We are not enjoying our lives leisurely. At the end of this video, she proposes a solution to it. . She said that if you just study hard to consider how much money you will make in choosing your job, then you will just live and end your life as a faithful slave of capitalism. This is not a meaningful life. Then we’re just one of the parts of machine where capitalism works.


So this woman suggest us to consider something. First, no matter what kind of job we choose and no matter what dream we have, the most important thing to keep in mind is that that job should have good infuences in our society in any way. She said we need to study hard to be a positive influences on others , not for our own success and selfish money making. In other words, we all need to be irrespacable people to make the world a better place in our respective fields . This video helps me to realize many things and to study hard with good motivation.

Internet English- Introduction

Hi. Let me introduce myself. My name is Violette. I am 22years old. I graduated Youido girls high school. I have five family members; my sister(my twin), my brother, and my parents. I am fraternal twin. So we are twins but we looked totally different. And my twin is better than me on everything. (her appearance, personality, and talent) . I also have a brother who is a year older than me and my twin. We are all very close to each other and have many good memories o f childhood.

Anyway, now I want to talk about my summer vacation. I wanted to hit the book this vacation . So I went to English academy in Norayngjin everyday to learn English. I studied grammar and reading for 5hours everyday there. And I did part time job in GS25 convienience store for the first time in my life to pay for my expensive academy tuition fee. Because my sister and my brother and me we are all undergraduate students. So our total college tuition fee is very expensive. My father have spent most of his life time raising money to support our education. So this time I wanted to earn money by myself. I worked in convenience store for 7 hours on weekend. It was fun and really good experience for me.

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And every Wednesday, I went to Chungjeongno bunker ‘다스뵈이다’ with my sister and brother to watch politics podcast . This podcast is the most popular politics podcast in our country. I usually watch this podcast on Yutube but I really wanted to go there one day. Many lawmakers and politicians come to this bunker to explain their views on our country’s political situation and for election analysis with fun. There were so many young people like us as many other universities also started vacation. It was really fun and great experience to watch this directly.

I think I lived and spent my summer vacation productively than ever before.